|Freedom Tower as seen from West. St|
I've used the terms mostly interchangeably over the years since 9/11 - headlining Ground Zero as part of my ongoing coverage of the fight to rebuild. In time I figure that people will again call it WTC; the Port Authority pretty much made the call to keep the WTC moniker when they reestablished PATH service in 2003 just months after the site was cleared of much of the debris. The MTA too calls it WTC. I guess that people of a certain age will also know the site as Ground Zero, while others will see it as WTC.
As for the 9/11 memorial, one of the key features is the presentation of the names of all those murdered by al Qaeda on that fateful day both here in New York City and those in Pennsylvania and Washington DC, as well those murdered in the 1993 WTC bombing that preceded the 9/11 attacks.
Start with a map.
In essence, that is what the National September 11 Memorial and Museum issued on Wednesday: a clear, navigable computerized guide to the location of every name inscribed on the bronze parapets that are being installed along the perimeters of the pools where the World Trade Center towers once stood.
It is the last critical design detail to be announced in a process that began more than seven years ago with the naming of Michael Arad and Peter Walker and Partners as architects of the 9/11 memorial. The memorial is to open to family members on Sept. 11 and to the public, by reservation, the next day.
Meanwhile, victims’ family members, friends, colleagues and acquaintances — and the public, too — can find out for the first time exactly how the names are arranged. On the memorial’s Web site, they can also learn which names have deliberately been placed near others to denote what Mr. Arad calls “meaningful adjacencies.”
That adjacency might mean the victims were close friends or fond acquaintances, were related by blood or marriage or simply common interests, that they bowled together or dined together. It was up to victims’ relatives to make a request.
“Over 1,200 requests were made to bring that opportunity into the design,” Mr. Arad said on Wednesday. “All of them were met.”
“It really enriches the memorial,” he said. “It allows families’ and friends’ stories to be told.” He said the “river” of names, without other identification (like age or title or company affiliation), was meant to convey simultaneously a sense of individual and collective loss.
“It was important to not put the names in an arrangement that looked like the pages of a ledger,” Mr. Arad said. “To the naked eye, it looks random. But to those who know, and for those who bother to learn, it is anything but.”
Pains were taken in laying out the names to ensure that Person A would be next to Person B, while Person B would be near Person C. And so on. “It involved a combination of the most complex computerized algorithms and the most basic analog function of pinning something up on the wall,” Mr. Arad said.
Announcement of the names arrangement was not timed to coincide with President Obama’s visit to the World Trade Center on Thursday, said Joseph C. Daniels, the president and chief executive of the memorial and museum.
Instead, he said, the idea was “to communicate with families significantly ahead of time so they can start familiarizing themselves with the locations.”
The arrangement does not go nearly as far as some family members had hoped in specifying where victims were employed, on what floors they worked and how old they were. But it is a significant change from the purely random system once advocated by Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg, who is chairman of the memorial foundation.
In a compromise reached in 2006, victims were grouped by north and south tower, or by flight, with panels set aside for victims at the Pentagon and those who died in the 1993 attack on the trade center. A separate section was set aside for “first responders,” principally firefighters and police officers.
|Ground Zero seen from livecam; WTC memorial and Freedom Tower visible|
The WTC Memorial CEO Joe Daniels has announced that access to the memorial will be provided through a free ticketing system available online.
Memorial CEO Joe Daniels said Thursday that the online ticketing system will be activated sometime in July.
The memorial will open to victims’ families on Sept. 11.
Once it’s open to the public, starting Sept. 12, priority will be given to visiting family members.
The memorial will be the first thing that opens on the 16-acre World Trade Center site.
It will be surrounded on all sides by construction activity.
Daniels said memorial visitors will be instructed to report to a location south of the site.